ID 174
Title Some Corner of a Foreign Field
Broadcast 2013-11-10 00:00:00
Network Radio 4
Presenter Mark Whitaker
Producer Mike Hally
Precis A global network of cemeteries and memorials now marks every Commonwealth military casualty of the two World War – a commitment that was born amid the mud and slaughter of the Western Front The man responsible for this was Fabian Ware, and in this programme Mark Whitaker tells his extraordinary story.
Duration 14
Txtime 1899-12-30 11:45:00
Repeat
Rpttime
Description A global network of cemeteries and memorials now marks every Commonwealth military casualty of the two World War – a commitment that was born amid the mud and slaughter of the Western Front The man responsible for this was Fabian Ware, and in this programme Mark Whitaker tells his extraordinary story. Ware, who arrived in France for the Red Cross and was shocked to find the graves of fallen soldiers going unrecorded. So his unit started registering all they could find and over the next two years sent 12,000 photographs to bereaved relatives.

As the War dragged on Ware lobbied for an official organisation to carry on the work, with equality of treatment in death regardless of rank, race or creed. The Imperial War Graves Commission was born on 21 May 1917, with three of the finest architects of the day - Sir Edwin Lutyens, Sir Herbert Baker and Sir Reginald Blomfield – engaged to design the cemeteries and memorials for every known casualty.

But there were fierce arguments over two key principles - non-repatriation of bodies and rejection of private memorials – so that officers and men would lie side by side, as they had served. The climax came in 1920 in one of the great Parliamentary debates, partly dramatised in this programme. Winston Churchill, as chairman of the Commission, made a majestic closing speech saying future generations would gaze in wonder upon their work, and the opposition was defeated.

Whitaker visits the Commission's headstone production centre, historic cemeteries in France, Belgium and the UK, and sees how horticulture remains at the heart of its work in creating the look of 'an English cottage garden' in no less than 153 countries around the World.
SqDogNumber 58
Pic1
Caption1 British and German headstones side by side with a British VC in the row behind, at the bi-national cemetery of St Symphorien just outside the Belgian city of Mons
Pic2
Caption2 Bethune Cemetery where Fabian Ware was first given funds by the Red Cross to start marking graves properly with painted crosses, in September 1914
Pic3
Caption3 An air-cooled engraving machine at work on a replacement headstone in the CWGC production facility at Arras in northern France, where 22,000 are made every year for sites all over the world
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Caption4 Another view of St Symphorien cemetery
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Caption5 In St Symphorien is believed to be the first British casualty of World War 1, Private J Parr